φA medical student is asked to perform a cardiovascular examination on a patient. After 10 minutes of auscultation with no success, the medical student gives up and asks his resident for help. The resident puts up the patient’s anteroposterior chest radiograph (see image) and begins to explain the molecular etiology of this patient’s condition.
(1) Why was the medical student initially overwhelmed??
(2) What is one respiratory complication that this patient is at increased risk of developing as a result of his condition and why??